Violence, Different Types?
We are familiar with and aware of the many facets of violence. Verbal, physical, sexual, psychological or economical; it may take different forms which are sometimes cumulative. These are classified as personal violence.
Quebec Native Women has identified various forms of violence that Aboriginal women may experience in addition to the examples listed above: structural violence, institutional violence, family violence and personal violence.
Structural violenceIt is a form of violence that inflicts damage in an indirect, immaterial and invisible way - a feature that defies its record keeping. The darkness of its nature renders structural violence insidious, because blame and guilt can not easily be attributed to its real source; rather, they tend to be wrongly attributed to those who are victims.
Salazar (2006: 78)
Structural violence is a term commonly ascribed to Johan Galtung, which he introduced in the 1970s. It refers to a form of violence wherein social structure or social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs.
Institutional violenceA broad scope, including both actions and omissions; it is defined by its consequences on the well-being of the person welcomed in the institution.
Michèle Créoff - Institutional Abuse
Family violenceFamily violence is when someone uses abusive behaviour to control and/or harm a member of their family, or someone with whom they have an intimate relationship.
Department of Justice, Government of Canada.